Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Factors Associated with Family Reports of Pain, Dyspnea, and Depression in the Last Year of Life.

Singer AE, Meeker D, Teno JM, Lynn J, Lunney JR, Lorenz KA. Factors Associated with Family Reports of Pain, Dyspnea, and Depression in the Last Year of Life. Journal of palliative medicine. 2016 Oct 1; 19(10):1066-1073.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Pain, dyspnea, and depression are highly troubling near the end of life. OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors associated with clinically significant pain and the presence of dyspnea and depression during the last year of life in a nationally representative sample. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study, a national sample of community-dwelling US residents aged 51 and older. PARTICIPANTS: Family respondents of 8254 decedents who died between 1998 and 2012. MEASUREMENTS: Clinically significant pain often during the last year of life; dyspnea and depression for at least one month during the last year of life. RESULTS: Life support was associated with dyspnea (odds ratio [OR] 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-2.06) and depression (OR 1.20, CI 1.04-1.39), treatment for cancer with pain (OR 1.65, CI 1.41-1.92), and oxygen for a lung condition with dyspnea (OR 14.78, CI 11.28-19.38). More diagnoses were associated with dyspnea (OR 1.24, CI 1.17-1.30) and depression (OR 1.14, CI 1.08-1.21). More activities of daily living (ADL) dependencies were associated with clinically significant pain (OR 1.06, CI 1.03-1.09), dyspnea (OR 1.06, CI 1.02-1.10), and depression (OR 1.10, CI 1.07-1.12), and more instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) dependencies with depression (OR 1.12, CI 1.08-1.18). Worse self-rated health was associated with pain (OR 0.83, CI 0.77-0.88), dyspnea (OR 0.89, CI 0.84-0.95), and depression (OR 0.83, CI 0.78-0.89). Arthritis was associated with clinically significant pain (OR 2.24, CI 1.91-2.63). CONCLUSIONS: Factors associated with common, burdensome symptoms in a national sample suggest clinical and population strategies for targeting symptom assessment and management.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.