Health Services Research & Development

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Cordasco KM, Yuan AH, Danz MJ, Farmer MM, Jackson L, Yee EF, Washington DL. Guideline Adherence of Veterans Health Administration Primary Care for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. 2019 Mar 1; 29(2):144-152.
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Abstract: BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is common among primary care patients. We assessed the extent to which Veterans Health Administration (VA) primary care patients with AUB are receiving guideline-adherent primary care. METHODS: We identified women with AUB presenting to primary care providers across four VA health care systems from June 2013 to September 2015. We performed a structured abstraction of electronic medical record data for 15 indicators of guideline-adherent AUB care. We determined whether documented care was guideline-adherent and compared adherence of care by primary care providers by VA Designated Women's Health Provider status and by volume of clinical encounters with women veterans. RESULTS: Across 305 episodes of AUB, 53% of the care was guideline adherent. There was high adherence with documenting menopausal status (98%), ordering diagnostic studies and referrals for postmenopausal women (92%), and documenting bleeding patterns (87%). There was lower adherence with documenting whether there was active bleeding (55%), performing thyroid testing (47%), performing a pelvic examination (42%), ordering diagnostic studies and referrals in younger women with increased endometrial cancer risk (40%), assessing for pregnancy (32%), assessing for cervical motion, uterine, or adnexal tenderness in patients with intrauterine devices (30%), and assessing for elevated endometrial cancer risk (6%). There were no significant differences in overall guideline adherence between primary care providers who were, versus were not, VA Designated Women's Health Providers, or by provider volume of encounters with women veterans. CONCLUSIONS: VA primary care has high guideline adherence when caring for postmenopausal women with AUB. Quality improvement and educational initiatives are needed to improve primary care for AUB in younger women veterans.