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IIR 20-165 – HSR Study

IIR 20-165
Care Coordination and Outcomes for High Risk Patients: Building the Evidence for Implementation
Denise M. Hynes, PhD MPH RN
VA Portland Health Care System, Portland, OR
Portland, OR
Funding Period: October 2021 - September 2025


Abstract Background: Care coordination is essential to improve patients’ access to healthcare, clinical outcomes, enhancing patients experience, increasing provider satisfaction, and decreasing or maintaining costs, yet appears to be most successful for those with complex care needs. While the VA’s established primary care model, the Patient Aligned Care Team (PACT) has proven effective in increasing Veterans’ experience and trust while decreasing costs, many high need, high risk Veterans lack support for their complex clinical and psychosocial needs that impacts their health care use, outcomes and costs. Two major VA initiatives led by the Offices of Nursing Service (ONS) and Care Management and Social Work (SW), and the Office of Community Care (OCC) intend to address this gap with initiation of new care coordination needs assessment (CCNA) tools to match Veterans with the right level of care coordination and services in 2019. Yet, the CCNA tools and organizational processes have not been evaluated. Significance: Evaluation and implementation of effective care coordination practices are a high priority for the VA and is the focus of two major national initiatives to address MISSION Act access to care goals. Innovation/Impact: We will leverage ongoing initiatives, using routinely collected CCNA data, supplemented with health care use data, and Veteran and provider perspectives to systematically evaluate care coordination needs assessment tools, practices, and impacts on Veterans’ services received, outcomes and costs. Specific Aims: We will build evidence about the CCNA, processes, and outcomes for high need, high risk Veterans seeking VA covered healthcare at VA facilities and community sites. Our aims are to: 1. Characterize and compare the relationship between Veteran needs assessment, services received, health outcomes and costs for Veterans exposed to CCNA with a matched comparison group. 2. Survey and compare Veterans about their experience with care coordination services, integration with other healthcare services, and perceived health impacts. 3. Conduct formative evaluation to assess provider perceptions at early adoption VA sites about CCNA tools and processes related to determinants of innovation diffusion, care integration, and to inform and conduct a broader survey of providers. Methodology: We will use an organizational theoretical approach including care coordination and innovation diffusion frameworks to guide our research and employ an observational design using quantitative and qualitative methods. Veterans treated at early adopter sites beginning in 2019 and categorized as needing complex care based on the CCNA will be compared to matched Veterans using multiple data sources. Data sources will include Veteran CCNA from the CC/ICM and OCC sites; CDW, VA Community Care, Consult Toolbox, Medicare, vital status, and cost data. Survey data will be collected from Veterans and providers. Quantitative analyses will describe and compare Veterans’ health services use, mortality and costs. Qualitative analyses will focus on understanding how perceived attributes of the CCNA tools, as well the perceived organizational context and implementation, influence uptake and adoption. The results of these analyses will inform ongoing CCNA adaptation, build the evidence for the utility of the innovation attributes for real-life implementation, and ensure evaluation of CCNA tools captures the most important elements. Next Steps/Implementation/Sustainability: Building the evidence for care coordination processes will inform best practices and implementation. With the VA’s electronic health record migration, this study may inform how to adapt new CCNA electronic tools to facilitate and sustain implementation of evidenced-based practices.

External Links for this Project

NIH Reporter

Grant Number: I01HX003261-01A2

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Journal Articles

  1. O'Hare AM, Vig EK, Iwashyna TJ, Fox A, Taylor JS, Viglianti EM, Butler CR, Vranas KC, Helfand M, Tuepker A, Nugent SM, Winchell KA, Laundry RJ, Bowling CB, Hynes DM, Maciejewski ML, Bohnert ASB, Locke ER, Boyko EJ, Ioannou GN, VA COVID Observational Research Collaboratory (CORC). Complexity and Challenges of the Clinical Diagnosis and Management of Long COVID. JAMA Network Open. 2022 Nov 1; 5(11):e2240332. [view]
  2. Govier DJ, Hickok A, Edwards ST, Weaver FM, Gordon H, Niederhausen M, Hynes DM. Early Impact of VA MISSION Act Implementation on Primary Care Appointment Wait Time. Journal of general internal medicine. 2023 Mar 1; 38(4):889-897. [view]
  3. Laliberte AZ, Salvi A, Hooker E, Roth B, Handley R, Carlson K, Hynes D, Tuepker A, Chen JI. Factors associated with a lack of health care utilization among Veterans after a positive suicide screen in the emergency department. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. 2023 Apr 1; 30(4):321-330. [view]
  4. Weaver FM, Niederhausen M, Hickok A, O'Neill AC, Gordon HS, Edwards ST, Govier DJ, Chen JI, Young R, Whooley M, Hynes DM. Hospital Readmissions Among Veterans Within 90 Days of Discharge Following Initial Hospitalization for COVID-19. Preventing chronic disease. 2022 Dec 1; 19:E80. [view]
  5. Hynes DM, Thomas KC. Realigning theory with evidence to understand the role of care coordination in mental health services research. International journal of care coordination. 2023 Jun 1; 26(2):55-61. [view]
  6. Edwards ST, O'Neill A, Niederhausen M, Salvi A, Laliberte A, Saha S, Hynes DM, Pizer S, Kinosian B. Trajectories of care and outcomes of Veterans receiving home-based primary care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2024 Jan 1; 72(1):80-90. [view]
  7. Hynes DM, Govier DJ, Niederhausen M, Tuepker A, Laliberte AZ, McCready H, Hickok A, Rowneki M, Waller D, Cordasco KM, Singer SJ, McDonald KM, Slatore CG, Thomas KC, Maciejewski M, Battaglia C, Perla L. Understanding care coordination for Veterans with complex care needs: protocol of a multiple-methods study to build evidence for an effectiveness and implementation study. Frontiers in Health Services. 2023 Aug 15; 3:1211577. [view]

DRA: Health Systems
DRE: TRL - Applied/Translational
Keywords: Care Coordination, Models of Care, Outcomes - Patient
MeSH Terms: None at this time.

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