Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an infectious disease that attacks the human body’s immune system. If left untreated, the virus can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Over time, HIV destroys CD4 cells, a key infection-fighting cell. Without a sufficient number of CD4 cells, the immune system becomes weakened and can no longer effectively fight off infections. Within VA, HIV research focuses on testing, prevention, and delivery of care to Veterans with HIV.
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(5 of more than 1287 HIV focused publications)
- Lipira L, Williams EC, Nevin PE, Kemp CG, Cohn SE, Turan JM, Simoni JM, Andrasik MP, French AL, Unger JM, Heagerty P, Rao D. Religiosity, Social Support, and Ethnic Identity: Exploring "Resilience Resources" for African-American Women Experiencing HIV-Related Stigma. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2019 Jun 1; 81(2):175-183.
- Wettermann R, Marek H, Giordano TP, Arya M. Text Messages Can Encourage Patients to Discuss and Receive HIV Testing in Primary Care. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM. 2019 May 1; 32(3):408-412.
- Javier SJ, Troszak LK, Shimada SL, McInnes DK, Ohl ME, Avoundjian T, Erhardt TA, Midboe AM. Racial and ethnic disparities in use of a personal health record by veterans living with HIV. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA. 2019 Mar 28.
- Munishi OM, McCormack V, Mchome B, Mangi G, Zullig LL, Bartlett J, Mapunda O, Nyindo P, Namwai T, Muiruri C, Kimaro F, Karia F, Mmbaga BT. Awareness of Cancer Risk Factors and Its Signs and Symptoms in Northern Tanzania: a Cross-Sectional Survey in the General Population and in People Living with HIV. Journal of Cancer Education : The Official Journal of The American Association For Cancer Education. 2019 Mar 27.
- Dandachi D, Lee C, Morgan RO, Tavakoli-Tabasi S, Giordano TP, Rodriguez-Barradas MC. Integration of telehealth services in the healthcare system: with emphasis on the experience of patients living with HIV. Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research. 2019 Jun 1; 67(5):815-820.
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(5 of more than 22 HIV focused publication briefs)
- VA Successfully Implements Interferon-free Treatment for Hepatitis C Virus in Previously Undertreated Patient Populations
This study examined the adoption of interferon-free treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in VA to learn who received this therapy and whether the limitations of interferon-containing treatments have been overcome, including low rates of use among VA healthcare users who are African American or Hispanic, and among those with HCV-HIV co-infection. Findings showed that with the advent of interferon-...
Date: March 7, 2018
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
- Racial Disparities in HIV Quality of Care that May Extend to Common Comorbid Conditions
To more fully understand patterns of racial disparities in the quality of care for persons with HIV infection, this study examined a national cohort of Veterans in care for HIV in the VA healthcare system during 2013. Findings showed that racial disparities were identified in quality of care specific to HIV infection – and in the care of common comorbid conditions. Blacks were less likely than whi...
Date: September 22, 2016
- New Guidelines May Significantly Decrease Cost for Testing Immune Function in Veterans with HIV
In 2012, the Department of Health and Human Services recommended CD4 testing in patients with HIV every 3 to 6 months – except in patients with consistently suppressed virus and sustained CD4 cell count, who could be tested every 6 to 12 months. In 2014, updated guidelines recommended that in individuals with viral suppression, CD4 testing be considered either optional or annual, depending on the ...
Date: July 1, 2016
- Consequences of Notifying VA Patients about Potential Exposure to Large-Scale Adverse Events
This study sought to determine the intended and unintended consequences of patient notification following a large-scale adverse event (LSAE) within the VA healthcare system, which systematically looks for LSAEs, tracks potentially exposed patients, and communicates with them after LSAE notification. Findings showed that more than two-thirds of potentially exposed patients returned for HCV, HBV, an...
Date: May 1, 2015
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( 5 of more than 76 HIV focused projects
|| A Personalized mHealth Approach to Smoking Cessation for Veterans Living with HIV
|| A Patient-centered Approach to Comorbidity Management in Aging Veterans with HIV
|| Effectiveness of Telehealth Collaborative Care for Veterans with HIV in Ruraland Outlying Settings
|| Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Microbial Translocation in HIV Veterans
|| Mixed-Methods Evaluation of Smoking Cessation in VHA HIV Care
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HSR&D Briefs, Reports, Newsletters
5 sample "HIV" publications displayed.
FORUM, May 2009: Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER)
...tests as opposed to traditional physician-ordered, blood-based HIV testing. Economic Impact of HIV Rapid Testing To assess the economic impacts...
...HSR&D Impacts HSR&D Impacts Health Services Reserach and Development Service Impacts 1998 » Back to main Impacts page Aging and Age-Related Changes...
...HSR&D Impacts HSR&D Impacts Health Services Reserach and Development Service Impacts 1999 » Back to main Impacts page Aging and Age-Related Changes...
...Exposures INFECTIOUS AGENTS VA care for HIV is at least as cost-effective as non-VA care VA is the nation's largest provider of care to HIV-infected...
FORUM, May 2014: Connected Health
...Collaborative Care (TCC) model that provides access to team-based consultation for rural Veterans with HIV. 2 TCC integrates team-based HIV specialty...
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