Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an infectious disease that attacks the human body’s immune system. If left untreated, the virus can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Over time, HIV destroys CD4 cells, a key infection-fighting cell. Without a sufficient number of CD4 cells, the immune system becomes weakened and can no longer effectively fight off infections. Within VA, HIV research focuses on testing, prevention, and delivery of care to Veterans with HIV.
Search results were generated based on the search term "HIV". Results are updated weekly, as new data are available.
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(5 of more than 1415 HIV focused publications)
- Garey L, Wirtz MR, Labbe AK, Zvolensky MJ, Smits JAJ, Giordano TP, Rosenfield D, Robbins GK, Levy DE, McKetchnie SM, Bell T, O'Cleirigh C. Evaluation of an integrated treatment to address smoking cessation and anxiety/depressive symptoms among people living with HIV: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Contemporary clinical trials. 2021 Apr 30; 106:106420.
- Chasco EE, Hoth AB, Cho H, Shafer C, Siegler AJ, Ohl ME. Mixed-Methods Evaluation of the Incorporation of Home Specimen Self-Collection Kits for Laboratory Testing in a Telehealth Program for HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis. AIDS and behavior. 2021 Mar 19.
- Doolittle BR, McGinnis K, Ransome Y, Fiellin D, Justice A. Mortality, Health, and Substance Abuse by Religious Attendance Among HIV Infected Patients from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study. AIDS and behavior. 2021 Mar 1; 25(3):653-660.
- Polanka BM, Kundu S, So-Armah KA, Freiberg MS, Gupta SK, Zapolski TCB, Hirsh AT, Bedimo RJ, Budoff MJ, Butt AA, Chang CH, Gottlieb SS, Marconi VC, Womack JA, Stewart JC. Insomnia symptoms and biomarkers of monocyte activation, systemic inflammation, and coagulation in HIV: Veterans Aging Cohort Study. PLoS ONE. 2021 Feb 9; 16(2):e0246073.
- Bedimo RJ, Park LS, Shebl FM, Sigel K, Rentsch CT, Crothers K, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Goetz MB, Butt AA, Brown ST, Gibert C, Justice AC, Tate JP. Statin exposure and risk of cancer in people with and without HIV infection. AIDS (London, England). 2021 Feb 2; 35(2):325-334.
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(5 of more than 22 HIV focused publication briefs)
- VA Successfully Implements Interferon-free Treatment for Hepatitis C Virus in Previously Undertreated Patient Populations
This study examined the adoption of interferon-free treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in VA to learn who received this therapy and whether the limitations of interferon-containing treatments have been overcome, including low rates of use among VA healthcare users who are African American or Hispanic, and among those with HCV-HIV co-infection. Findings showed that with the advent of interferon-...
Date: March 7, 2018
- Evidence Review Identifies Modest Mortality Disparities among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in VA Healthcare
To support VA’s efforts to better understand the scale and determinants of disparities in racial and ethnic mortality – and to develop interventions to reduce disparities, investigators from the VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center in Portland, OR conducted an evidence review of mortality disparities specific to VA. Findings showed that although VA’s equal access healthcar...
Date: March 1, 2018
- Racial Disparities in HIV Quality of Care that May Extend to Common Comorbid Conditions
To more fully understand patterns of racial disparities in the quality of care for persons with HIV infection, this study examined a national cohort of Veterans in care for HIV in the VA healthcare system during 2013. Findings showed that racial disparities were identified in quality of care specific to HIV infection – and in the care of common comorbid conditions. Blacks were less likely than whi...
Date: September 22, 2016
- New Guidelines May Significantly Decrease Cost for Testing Immune Function in Veterans with HIV
In 2012, the Department of Health and Human Services recommended CD4 testing in patients with HIV every 3 to 6 months – except in patients with consistently suppressed virus and sustained CD4 cell count, who could be tested every 6 to 12 months. In 2014, updated guidelines recommended that in individuals with viral suppression, CD4 testing be considered either optional or annual, depending on the ...
Date: July 1, 2016
- Consequences of Notifying VA Patients about Potential Exposure to Large-Scale Adverse Events
This study sought to determine the intended and unintended consequences of patient notification following a large-scale adverse event (LSAE) within the VA healthcare system, which systematically looks for LSAEs, tracks potentially exposed patients, and communicates with them after LSAE notification. Findings showed that more than two-thirds of potentially exposed patients returned for HCV, HBV, an...
Date: May 1, 2015
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( 5 of more than 79 HIV focused projects
|| A nurse-led intervention to extend the Veteran HIV treatment cascade for cardiovascular disease prevention (V-EXTRA-CVD)
|| HIV Translating Initiatives for Depression into Effective Solutions – Hyb
|| A Personalized mHealth Approach to Smoking Cessation for Veterans Living with HIV
|| A Patient-centered Approach to Comorbidity Management in Aging Veterans with HIV
|| Effectiveness of Telehealth Collaborative Care for Veterans with HIV in Ruraland Outlying Settings
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